Allowances and adjustments
Temporarily limited capacity allowance
If you are a Social Assistance Program recipient, you may be granted a temporarily limited capacity allowance if:
- Due to your physical or psychological condition, you are unable for a period of at least one month to carry out activities as part of a job entry, re-entry or retention process (medical report required).
- You are at least 20 weeks pregnant. In this case, you will receive the allowance until 5 weeks after giving birth (medical certificate or midwife’s written declaration required).
- You have a dependent child who is under age 5 on September 30 of the current year or who is 5 or over in the current year and there is no full-time kindergarten class available.
- You care for a dependent child and you receive a supplement for a handicapped child from the Régies des rentes du Québec for this child.
- You are 55 or over (you need to apply).
- You are in a shelter for victims of violence. In this case, you will receive the allowance for a maximum of three consecutive months as of the date you are admitted.
- You provide constant care to a person whose autonomy is reduced due to a physical or mental condition that requires constant care.
- You are an adult responsible for a family-type resource (foster home or foster family) recognized under the Act respecting health services and social services.
- You are an adult responsible for a foster home under a service contract with the Ministère de la Sécurité publique and, as such, are responsible for a person required to live therein. The adult in charge of an intermediate resource must prove that the autonomy of at least one person entrusted to him or her is reduced in order for the temporarily limited capacity for employment to be recognized.
In addition to the basic benefit, you may be eligible for the mixed allowance if you are part of a couple where one or both of the adults has temporarily limited capacity. For example, one of the two adults may have temporarily limited capacity while the other has no limitations whatsoever.
Child Assistance and CCTB, including NCBS and UCCB
A family receiving last-resort financial assistance benefits generally receives the maximum Québec Child Assistance (CA) and the Canada Child Tax Benefit (CCTB including NCBS) to cover the needs of its dependent children under 18.
However, you may not receive these maximum amounts. In order to benefit from all of the financial assistance required to meet your children’s essential needs, in addition to last-resort financial assistance benefits, your family will receive additional amounts called “adjustments.”
Adjustments - dependent children
Under last-resort financial assistance, a child is considered dependent if he or she depends on the parents for subsistence and:
- is under age 18, is unmarried and has no dependent child(ren)
- is over 18, attends an educational institution, is unmarried and has no spouse, and has no dependent child(ren).
Adjustments - dependent children
Adjustments for dependent children under 18
Adjustments for dependent children over 18
If you are the head of a family receiving benefits, you generally receive the maximum Régie des rentes du Québec (RRQ) Child Assistance and federal government National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) to cover your children's needs.
However, if you do not receive these maximum amounts or receive only a portion of them, you can temporarily obtain an amount called an "adjustment", which offsets the difference between the adjustment amount prescribed in the Regulation respecting individual and family assistance and the Child Assistance and the NCBS amount you actually receive, if these amounts are less than the adjustment amount.
The needs of dependent children aged 18 or over are not covered by Child Assistance, the Canada Child Tax Benefit (CCTB) or the NCBS.
You may therefore be granted additional financial assistance to cover some of their needs (e.g. child in secondary school general or vocational course, child in post-secondary studies, child of persons claiming refugee status).